Post-graduate Curriculumn

Course : Agron. 501 : Advanced Crop Husbandry

Credit hour : 2

Improvement of Yield and Quality of Crops
Agronomic management as a tool for improvement of yield and quality of crops. Introduction and selection as a means of crop improvement.

Advanced Production Technology of Crops
Current world situation with emphasis on Bangladesh, edaphic and climatic requirements, varieties, utilization, economic importance, distribution, modern technology and recent development in production practices, harvesting, post harvest processing and storage of the following crops:
Cereal crops : Rice, wheat, maize
Fibre crops : Jute, cotton
Sugar crop: Sugarcane
Beverage crop: Tea
Narcotic Crop: Tobacco
Pulse crops : Lentil, mungbean, grasspea, blackgram, chickpea, pea, cowpea and pigeonpea.
Oilseed crops: Mustard, groundnut, soybean, sesame, linseed, sunflower, safflower and castor.

References:
Gowda, C.L.L. and Kaul, A.K. 1982. Pulses in Bangladesh. BARI and FAO. p. 472.
Grist, D.H. 1986. Rice Longmen and Green Co. Ltd. London.
Kaul, A.K. 1982. Pulses in Bangladesh. BARC, Farm gate, Dhaka. p.27.
Leonard, W.H. and Martin, J.H. 1963. Cereal Crops. McMillan Pub. Co. Inc. New York.
Martin, J.H., Leonard, W.H. and Samp, D.L. 1967. Principles of Field Crops Production. 3rd Ed. McMillan Pub. Co. Inc. New York.
Mian, A.L. 1976. Grow more pulses to keep your pulse well- an essay of Bangladesh pulses. An invited paper presented at the First National Workshop on Oilseeds and Pulses in Bangladesh. 11-13 October, 1976
Ninan, K.N. 1989. Edible Oilseeds. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. p.301.
Pia, M. Deia, J. and Rai, R.KI. 1996. Fundamentals of Cereal crop Production. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.
Pruseglove, J.W. 1968. Tropical Crops. Longman and Green Co. Ltd. London.
Singh, C. 1991. Modern Techniques of Raising Field Crops. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi. p. 523.
Srivastava, H.C., Bhaskaran, S., Menon, K.K.G., Ramanujam, S. and Rao, M.V., (Editors). 1986. Pulse Production- constraints and opportunities, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi p.493.

 

 


Course Agron. 503 : Crop Yield Processes

Credit hours : 2


Concept of yield
Growth yield analysis, yield components, biological yield, economic yield and harvest index.

Plant characters in relation to yielding ability
Plant height, leaf characters, stem characters, canopy architecture and photosynthetic machinery.

Production of dry matter
Root growth, shoot growth, leaf area index, source and sink, nitrogen and carbon assimilation, photosynthetic rate and efficiency and respiratory losses.

Partitioning of dry matter
Assimilate distribution within the plant and partitioning of dry matter between grain and non-grain parts.

Crop growth and yield capacity
Growth phases and stages, crop growth rate, determination of yield capacity, reproductive development and development of yield components.

Effect of growth factors on growth and yield
Light, water, temperature, humidity, nutrients, growth regulators, cultivar, site and season.

Seed/grain filling
Seed/grain growth, linear and exponential phases, sources of assimilates in the grain, contribution of different plant parts to grain filling, current photosynthesis, stored carbohydrates, green area duration, rate and duration of grain filling.

References
American Society of Agronomy. 1976. Advances in Agronomy. Vol. 28. Academic Press, New York.
Charles-Edwards, D.A. 1987. Physiological determinants of crop growth. Academic Press. New York, London.
Estin, J.D., Parkins, F.A., Sullivan, C.Y. and Bavel, C.H.M. Van. 1969. Physiological Aspects of Crop Yield. ASA and CSSA.
Evans, L.T. and Peacock, W.J. 1981. Wheat Science- Today and Tomorrow. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Hawkins, A.F. and Jeffcoat, B. 1982. Opportunities for Manipulation of Cereals Productivity. British Plant Growth Regulators Group, Wantage.
Hard, R.G., Biscoe, P.V. and Dennis, C. 1980. Opportunities for increasing crop yields. Pitman, London.

 

 

Course Agron. 505 : Seed Technology

Credit hours : 2

Introduction
Seed technology- concept and role.
History and present status of seed research in Bangladesh.

Principles and Methods of Production of Quality Seed
Concept of seed quality. Principles of production of quality seed. Production of hybrid and inbred seeds of rice, maize and sunflower. Environmental and agronomic factors influencing quality of seeds during production, processing and storage.

Quality Control of Seed
A. Preparation of seed programme
B. National Seed Policy : national seed production and multiplication, seed supply, seed import, and regulation of seed programme in private sectors.
C. Seed Certification and Seed legislation- seed certification procedures in production, processing, storage and distribution, role of seed certification agency in the production, processing, distribution and marketing of quality seed in Bangladesh.
D. Seed quarantine: Status and role of seed quarantine in Bangladesh.


References
Agarwal, R.L. 1988. Seed Technology. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta.
Copeland, L.O. 1976. Principles of Seed Science and Technology. Burgas Pub. Co. USA.
Rhomson, H.C. and Kelley, W.C. 1957. Vegetable Crops. McGraw-Hill Book ?Co. Inc., New York. Toronto, London.
Thomson, J.R. 1979. An Introduction to Seed Technology, Leonard Hill Pub.
Kent, N.L. 1976. Technology of Cereals. Pergamon Press Ltd. Oxford, London.
Nema, N.P. 1989. Principles of Seed Certification and Testing. Allied Pub. Ltd. Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bombay, Calcutta.
SCA and BARC. 1987. Proceedings of National Seed Technology, Workshop, January 27-28, 1985.
USDA. 1961. The Yearbook of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.

 

Course Agron. 507 : Weed Management

Credit hours : 2


Concept and Approach of Weed Management
Evolution of weed control methods, concept of prevention, control and eradication of weed, complementary relationships between prevention and control, concept of integrated weed management.

Crop Production Practices in Weed Management
Impact of time of land preparation, number and depth of ploughing, puddling, planting method, seedling rate, plant spacing, age of seedling and cultivars, effect of hydrology, soil moisture regime, soil fertility management, crop rotation and cropping pattern in weed management.

Herbicide in Weed Management
Application of herbicides in weed management, herbicide selectivity, absorption, movement and translocation of herbicides in plant, rare of herbicide in plants and soil.

Allelopathy in Weed Management
Concept of allelopathy and its historical background, significance of allelopathy in weed-crop ecology, allelopathic weeds and crops, potential of allelopathy in weed management.

Weed Management in Major Crops in Bangladesh
Present status and future strategy of wed management in rice, jute, wheat, sugarcane, pulses, mustard and tea.


References
Aldrich, R.J. 1984. Weed-crop Ecology. In: Principles in Weed Management. Bretion Publishers, Wardsworth Inc. Belment, California.
Allieri, M.A. and Liebman, M. 1988. Weed Management in Agroecosystems: Ecological Approaches. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida
Gupta, O.P. and Lamba, P.S. 1978. Modern Weed Science. Today and Tomorrows Printers and Publishers. Desh Bandhu Gupta Rd. New Delhi-110005, India.
Hance, R.J. and Holy, K. 1990. Weed Control Handbook : Principles 8th Ed. Blackwell Sci. Pub., Oxford.
Huddus, L.J. 1976. Herbicides. Vol. I and II, Academic Press, London, New York, Sanfrancisco.
Rao, V.S. 1983. Principles of Weed Science, Oxford and IBH Pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, Bombay, India.

 


Course : Agron. 509 : Soil Fertility Management in Crop Production

Credit hour : 2

Soil Fertility Management
Maintenance and improvement of soil fertility in different agro-ecological zones of Bangladesh.

Organic Matter and Organic Manures
Organic matter as means of soil amendment, maintenance of soil organic matter through crops and cropping, organic manure and organic waste management for crop production, means of improvement of organic manures.

Fertilizer Management
Characteristics of different kinds of fertilizers,. Preparation of different grades of mixed fertilizers for crops and soils, nutrient recycling in soil by natural and artificial means, maximization of crop production through efficient use of fertilizers, factors affecting efficient fertilizer management of fertilizer efficiency under wetland, upland and irrigated conditions. Fertilizer management in relation to development of crops at different environmental stimuli.

Bio-fertilizers
Bio-fertilizers – their role in crop production and maintenance of soil fertility and method of application, their effects on soils, crops and environment.

Micronutrients
Role of micronutrients in the maintenance of soil productivity, crop yield and quality, economy of crop production through micronutrient fertilization in Bangladesh.


REFERENCES
Alexander, M. 1968. Fertilizers and Fertilizing. McGraw Hill Book Co. Ltd. N.Y (USA).
Davis, R.T. 1984. Potentials and Limitations of Biological Nitrogen Fixation. Proc. Int. Sym. BARC. Dhaka.
IRRI. 1967. Mineral Nutrients of rice. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.
Katyal, J.C., Randhawa, N.S. 1983. Micronutrients., FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin No. 7,
Rome.
Mengel, K., Kirby, E.A. 1987. Principles of Plant Nutrition. 4th Ed. International Potash Institute, Berne.
Russel, E.W. 1960. Soil Condition and Plant Growth. Oxford Univ. Press, London.
Tandon, H.L.S. 1991. Secondary and Micronutrients in Agriculture. F.D.C.O. New Delhi 110048, India.
Tandon, H.L.S. 1992. Fertilizers, Organic manures. Recyclable Wastes and Biofertilizers. G.D.C.O. Bhanet Bhavan, New Delhi 10048, India.
Venkataraman, G.S. 1981. Blue-green algae for rice production a manual for its promotion. FAO Soils Bull., 46, 102.

 


Course : Agron. 511 : Water Management in Crop Production

Credit hour : 2

Soil Moisture
Soil moisture sources, relation and movement, soil-plant-water relationship, measurement of soil moisture.

Water Management
Water management of crops in different ecosystems, dryland, rainfed and irrigated farming.

Water Resources
Water availability, quality and uses, agronomic management for efficient water use in drought and flooded conditions.

Water Requirement of Crops
Requirement and determination of water for different crops, guidelines for predicting crop water requirement.

Irrigation Scheduling
Irrigation scheduling and water budgets for important field crops.


REFERENCES
Arakari, H.R. and Donhue, R. 1988. Principles of soil conservation and water management. Oxford and IBH Pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd. Calcutta.
Begg, J.E. and Turner, N.C. 1976. Crop water deficit. Advances in Agronomy 28:111-121.
Brady, N.C. 1974. The nature and properties of soil. MacMillan Pub. Co. Inc. New York.
Doorenbos, P. and Pruitt, W.O. 1977. Guidelines for producing crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 24:144pp. UN, Rome.
Dov Nir and Finkel, H.J. 1982. Water requirement of crops and irrigation rates. In: Handbook of Irrigation Technology. Vol. 1 (Ed. H.J. Finkel) CRC Press. Inc. Boea Raton, Florida, pp. 61-67.
Drycott, P. and Messem, A. 1982. Irrigation : When and how much to apply. British Sugar Beet review. 5:3-5.
Fischer, R.A. and Hagan, R.M. 1965. Plant water relations, irrigation management and crop yield. Experimental Agriculture, 161-177. Gustafson, A.F. 1978. Using and Managing Soil, McGraw Hill Book Co., London.
Gustafson, A.F. 1978. Using and managing soil. McGrawHill Book Co. London.
Hanks, R.J. and Rasmussen, V.P. 1982. Predicting and production as related to plant water stress. Advances in Agronomy. 35:192-195.
Hanks, R.J., Hill, R.W. 1980. Modeling crop responses to irrigation in relation to soil, climate and salinity. International Irrigation Information Centre. Pergamon Press, UK, 66pp.
Thorne, D.S. and Thorne, M.D. 1979. Soil Water and Crop Production. Avi. Pub. Co, Inc. West Part, Conn.

 

 

Course Agron. 519 : Cropping Systems
Credit hour : 2

Cropping Systems: Concept, technologies used in cropping system. Evolution of cropping systems of Bangladesh.

Determinants of Cropping Patterns: Physical, biological, economic and socio-cultural determinants. Resources used by intercrops. Resource utilization efficiency (RUE). Analysis of RUE in intercrops.

Crop Intensification and Diversification: Concept, characteristics problems and prospects. Status and future strategies of crop diversification in Bangladesh.

Multiple Cropping Systems: Concept, objective, advantages and disadvantages of multiple cropping system.

Plant Interactions in Multiple Cropping Systems: Interference interactions- removal interactions, addition interactions, mutualisms, interaction of mechanism.

Selection of Crops in Multiple Cropping: Selection of crops in sequential cropping and intercropping. Selection of species combinations, performance in monoculture vs. polyculture complementation vs. competition.

Cereals in Intercropping: Intercropping systems of cereals with long duration crops, cereals with other long cycle crops. Intercropping systems of cereals with low-canopy legumes. Intercropping of cereals with cereals.

Management of cereals in multiple cropping systems- plant population and raw arrangement, time of planting, fertilization. Dry seeding of rice, zero or minimum tillage, relay planting, ratooning.

Legumes in Intercropping: Multiple cropping of legumes with cereals: characteristics of the plant maturity differences, plant architecture, management of density and spatial arrangement, fertilization, relative planting dates.

Cultural Management of Crops in Multiple Cropping Systems:
Seedling environment- Tillage, cultivation and weed control. Planting dates, patterns and densities. Soil fertility management- fertilizer recommendation based on different cropping systems.

Pest Management in Multiple Cropping:
Effects of multiple cropping on pattern of insect abundance, plant diseases, nematode populations. Ecology and management of weeds in intercrop system. Factors affecting intercrop/weed balance: crop density, spatial arrangement, relative proportions of component crops. Crop species and cultivar, fertility, other factors. Mechanisms of weed suppression in intercrops.

Statistical Methods for Cropping System Data Analysis:
General principles of statistical analysis and design for intercropping analysis. Biological indices of advantage or dominance. Comparison and analysis of LER values. Stability and rink analysis.


References: Course Agron. 519 : Cropping Systems

ASA (American Society of Agronomy). 1976. Multiple cropping. ASA Special Publication Number 27, Madison, Wisconsin.
Beets, W.C. 1982. Multiple Cropping and Tropical Farming Systems. Westview Press, Colorado.
Charies, A. Rrancis. 1986. Multiple Cropping System. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York.
Chatterjee, B.N., Maiti, S. and B.K. Mandal, 1989. Cropping Systems. Theory and Practices (2nd Ed.) Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.
Hart, R.D. 1984. Agroecosystem determinants in: Agricultural Ecosystems. Unifyikng concepts (R. Lowrance, B.R. Stinner, And G.J. House eds.). John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Harwood, R.R. 1979. Small Farm Development- understanding and improving farming systems in the Humid Tropics, West view Press, Colorado.
Hossain, S.M.A. 1988. Agricultural and Rural Development in Bangladesh- Evolution of cropping systems in Mymensingh and Comilla regions. JSARD Pub. No. 12. Japan International Cooperation Agency, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
ICRISAT (International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics). 19081. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Intercropping, 16-23, Jan 1979, Hyderabad, India.
Mead, R. and Crnow, R.N. 1983. Statistical Methods in Agriculture and Experimental Biology, Chapman and Hall, London.
Mead, R. and Riley, J. 1981. A review of Statistical Ideas Relevant to Intercropping Research. J. Royal Stat. Sco. 144:462-509.
Plucknett, D.L., Everson, J.P. and Sanford, W.G. 1970. Ratoon Cropping. Adv. Agron. 22:285-330.

 


Course : Agron. 515 : Stress Agronomy

Credit hour : 2


Deep Water Stress
Nature of deep water stress, crop response to deep water stress-
Characteristics of flood water, factors affecting survival, elongation of internodes and morphological changes of submerged plants.
Development strategies management of deep water stress, system based production technology options for flood vulnerable areas, screening of plants for submergence tolerance and agronomic rehabilitation of flood affected zones.

Drought Stress
Concept, nature and causes of drought, effect of drought on growth, development and yield of crops, morphological basis of drought tolerance, screening plants for drought tolerance and development of technology to reduce crop losses.

Temperature Stress
Nature of injury due to low and high temperature, agronomic manipulation to combat temperature stresses in crops.

Light Stress
Nature and causes of light stress, effect of photoperiod, light intensity, cloud cover and mutual shading on nutrient uptake, growth, development and yield of crops.

Stress due to Hailstorm, Storm and Cyclone
Occurrence, nature and extent of crop damage, use of available technologies to mitigate crop losses.

Salinity Stress
Occurrence, nature and extent of crop damage, agronomic means to mitigate crop losses.

 


REFERENCES : Course No. Agron. 515: Stress Agronomy

Acharya, M.S. and Gupta. A.P. 1990. Hydrological aspects of drought for stabilizing agricultural production in Rajasthan State. International Symposium on Natural Resources Management for Sustainable Agriculture. 6-10 February, New Delhi.
Alim, M.S. 1991. Technological aspects of pre-monsoon climatic effects on agricultural production. Paper presented in the National Workshop on Risk Management in Bangladesh Agriculture, BARC, Dhaka, 24-27 August.
Anonymous. 1985. Agroclimate study for dry farming of Bangladesh. Gujrat Agril. Univ. Res. J.
11(1):30-34.
Choudhury, A.M. 1991. Use of remote sensitivity techniques in risk management in agriculture. Paper presented at the National Workshop on Risk Management in Bangladesh Agriculture, BARC, Dhaka. 24-27 August.
De Datta, S.K. and Banerji, B. 1972. Performance of flood resistant and deep water rice in relation to growth and yield under different cultural practices. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 12:664-670.
Eunus, M., Vergara, B.S., Peralta, J.A. and Ikehashi, H. 1980. Methods for screening rice seedling for drought tolerance during rapid generation advance. IRRN 5(4):10-12.
Evans, L.T. 1963. Environmental Control of Plant Growth. Academic Press, New York and London.
IRRI. 1976. Climate and Rice. Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.
IRRI. 1989. Climate and Flood Security. P.O. Box 933, 1099 Manila, Philippines.
Rahman, M.S. 1991. Weather related conditions to crop production and technological support to avoid risk in agriculture. Paper presented at the National Workshop on Risk Management in Bangladesh Agriculture, BARC, Dhaka, 24-27 August.
Platt, R.B. and Griffith, J.F. 1965. Environmental Measurement and Interpretation. Reinhold Pub. Corporation, New York.
Zaman, S.M.H. 1986. Current Status and prospects for rainfed flood grain production in Bangladesh. BRRI, Bangladesh.

 


Course : Agron. 517 : Weed Biology and Ecology

Credit hours : 2


Crop weed competition
Concept, mechanism, measurement and elements of crop-weed competition, factors affecting crop-weed competition, critical period of weed competition, competitive ability of crops and weeds and factors affecting it.

Survival mechanism of weed
Reproduction of weed by means of seed and vegetative part, factors affecting weed seed production, germination of weed seed and factors affecting it, periodicity of weed seed germination, dormancy of weed seeds, dynamics of a soil seed bank and factors affecting the longevity of weed seed.

Biology of
Cyperus rotundus, Echinochloa crusgalli, Echinochloa colonum, Cyperus iria, Eichornia crasipes and Striga densiflora.


REFERENCES
Aldrich, R.J. 1984. Weed-crop Ecology. Breton Publishers Ltd. Wadsworth Inc. California.
Grafts, A.S. and Robbins, W.,W. 1973. Weed control. 3rd Ed. Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd. New Delhi
Gupta, O.P. and Lamba, P.S. 1978. Modern Weed Science. Today and Tomorrows Printers and Publishers. Desh Bandhu Gupta Rd. New Delhi 11005, India.
King, L.J. 1974. Weeds of World- Biology and Control. Wiley Eastern Private Ltd. New Delhi.
Altieri, M.A. and Liebman, M. 1988. Weed Management in Agroecosystems : Ecological Approach CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida, Holzen, W. and Numata, N. 1982. Biology and Ecology of Weeds. Dr. W. Junk Pub. The Hague.
Papendick, I., Sanchez, P.A. and Triplett, G.B. 1976. Multiple Cropping. ASA, Madison, Wisconsin.
Zimdhal, R.L. 1980. Weed-crop competition- a review. Int. Plant Protection “Centre, Oregon State University, Vorvallis, Oregon, USA.

 

 

Course : Agron. 513 : Agronomic Research Methodology
Credit hour : 1

Research and experiment
Agronomic research in Bangladesh, its present status and future development.
Concept and importance of research. Involvement of statistics in research. Fundamental basis and logical framework in research planning.
Identification of research problems, prioritization of the problems and experimentation for testing the hypothesis.
Comparative use of experimental designs for meaningful research. Analysis of variance and mean comparison tests. Estimation of missing data and data transformation.
Field plot techniques with reference to soil heterogeneity, shape and size of plot, general management of experiments, conducting of experiments and refining the techniques of field experiments for meaningful results.
Correlation, regression and path coefficient analysis.

Technical report writing
General Principles of Technical writing: steps, organization, composition and mechanics.
Quality characteristics of titles. Components and organization of Abstract, Introduction and Methodology.
Results and Discussion: organizing in presenting data. Writing the text by citing references.
Bibliography: styles, rules of writing, abbreviations and common errors.
Reviewing scientific articles: general guidelines and rules of editing and noting down the comments.

References:
Ahmed, A.R., Bhuiya, M.A.A. and Hossain, M.Z. 2003. Experimental Design: Theory and Application. Rokeya Sultana Mili, Mohammadpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Ahmed, A.R., Bhuiya, M.A.A., Reza, Z.A. and Hossain, M.Z. 2004. Methods of Statistics. S. Ahmed & Associates. Manikganj, Bangladesh.
Booth, V. 1993. Communicating in Science: writing a scientific paper and speaking at scientific meetings (2nd ed). Cambridge. Cambridge Univ. Press.
Cox, D.R. and Reid, N. 2000. The Theory of the Design of Experiments. Chapman & Hall/CRC. Boca Raton. London. New York, Washington, D.C.
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons. New York, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore.
Hamp-Lyons, L. and B. Heasley. 1987. Organizing texts: structuring texts. Study Writing. Cambridge Univ. Press.
Islam, M.T., Mirza, M.J.A. and Hossain, M.A. (eds.). 1993. Statistical Methods for Research: A Training Manual. Graduate Training Institute, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Little, T.M. and Hills, F.J. 1978. Agricultural Experimentation: Design and Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, New York, Chichester, Toronto, Singapore.
Montgomery, D.C. 2009. Design and Analysis of Experiments. 7th Edition, International Student Version, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Steel, R.D., Torrie, J.H. Dickey, T.A. 1997. Principles and Practice of Statistics: A Biomedical Approach. McGraw Hill, USA.
Turk, C. and J. Kirkman. 1989. Effective writing: Improving scientific, technical and business communication (2nd ed). London: Chapman & Hall.
Woodford, F.P. (ed). 1968. Scientific writing for graduate students: a manual on the teaching of scientific writing, N.Y: The Rockefeller Univ. Press & London: McMillan & Co. Ltd.
Zaman, S.M.H., Rahim, K. and Howlader. 1982. Simple Lessons from Biometry. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Joydebpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 

Course : Agron. 514: Agronomic Research Methodology

Credit hour : 1


An introduction to different statistical analysis package programmes. Analysis of experimental data for single factor or factorial experiments using statistical package programmes such as MSTAT-C, STATA, SAS, MINITAB, GENSTAT, IRRISTAT, SIGMA-PLOT etc.

Determination of efficiency of different experimental design and selecting most appropriate design.

Correlation and regression analysis of different experimental data.

Collecting experimental data and writing a scientific paper.

Visiting farmers’ field for identification and prioritization of research problems through PRA and FGD.

Development of a research project and writing a project proposal.

 

References

Gomez, K..A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons. New York, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore.

Little, T.M. and Hills, F.J. 1978. Agricultural Experimentation: Design and Analysis. John Wiley and Sons. New York. Chichester, Toronto, Singapore.

Zaman, S.M.H., Rahim, K. and Howlader, M. 1982. Simple Lessons from Biometry. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Joydebpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 


Course : Agron. 525 : Cropland Agroforestry

Credit hour : 2

Concept of Agronomy
Definition, Description of the components of agroforestry, linkage and interaction between the components in the system.

Agroforestry Potentials
Present land use practices, agroforestry potentials in homestead and crop land, Present status of homestead and crop land.

Agroforestry Environment Linkage
Agroforestry for environmental amelioration, agroforestry farming systems linkage- land use
System – concept and practice, components of farming systems, linkage and interactions of the components- tree crop linkages, tree livestock linkages, tree fisheries linkages, cropping pattern dynaimcs, land use system- concepts and practices, intercropping, mixed cropping, relay cropping.

Multipurpose trees and shrubs (MPTS)
Definition of MPTS, list of MPTS and their management with use non-weed plants in agroforestry.

Agroforestry classification
Agrosilviculture, silvopastoral and agrosilvopastoral, structural analysis based on arrangement.

Agroforestry Practices in Bangladesh
Homestead agroforestry, cropland agroforestry, forest land agroforestry, khas land agroforestry, other agro forestry like- green manuring, apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, aquaculture.

Management and Marketing Aspects of Agroforestry Product
Tree establishment by seed, seedlings and cuttings, establishment and management of nursery.

Soil and Water Management in Agroforestry
Management of soil fertility, soil erosion, conservation of soil moisture, flood control and soil water relations.

REFERENCES
Alam, M.K.,Siddique, N.A. and Das, S. 1985. Fodder Trees of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Alim, M.K. and Mohiuddin, M. 1992. Some Potential Multipurpose Trees for Homestead. Published by BARC and Winrock International, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
BARC- Winrock International. 1991. Agroforestry Research Techniques. Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chittagong.
FSRDP. 1990. Searching and intervention in Two FARDP Sites. Farming Systems Research and Development Programme. BAU, Mymensingh.
ICRAF. 1987. Professional Education in Agroforestry. Edited By Eastern Zulberti.
Racheleau, D. Weber, F. and Juma-Fuld, A.. 1988. Agroforestry in dry land Africa. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya

 


Course : Agron. 513 : Agronomic Research Methodology (Theory)
Credit hour : 1

Research and experiment
Agronomic research in Bangladesh, its present status and future development.
Concept and importance of research. Involvement of statistics in research. Fundamental basis and logical framework in research planning.
Identification of research problems, prioritization of the problems and experimentation for testing the hypothesis.
Comparative use of experimental designs for meaningful research. Analysis of variance and mean comparison tests. Estimation of missing data and data transformation.
Field plot techniques with reference to soil heterogeneity, shape and size of plot, general management of experiments, conducting of experiments and refining the techniques of field experiments for meaningful results.
Correlation, regression and path coefficient analysis.

Technical report writing
General Principles of Technical writing: steps, organization, composition and mechanics.
Quality characteristics of titles. Components and organization of Abstract, Introduction and Methodology.
Results and Discussion: organizing in presenting data. Writing the text by citing references.
Bibliography: styles, rules of writing, abbreviations and common errors.
Reviewing scientific articles: general guidelines and rules of editing and noting down the Comments.

References:
Ahmed, A.R., Bhuiya, M.A.A. and Hossain, M.Z. 2003. Experimental Design: Theory and Application. Rokeya Sultana Mili, Mohammadpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Ahmed, A.R., Bhuiya, M.A.A., Reza, Z.A. and Hossain, M.Z. 2004. Methods of Statistics. S. Ahmed & Associates. Manikganj, Bangladesh.
Booth, V. 1993. Communicating in Science: writing a scientific paper and speaking at scientific meetings (2nd ed). Cambridge. Cambridge Univ. Press.
Cox, D.R. and Reid, N. 2000. The Theory of the Design of Experiments. Chapman & Hall/CRC. Boca Raton. London. New York, Washington, D.C.
Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons. New York, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore.
Hamp-Lyons, L. and B. Heasley. 1987. Organizing texts: structuring texts. Study Writing. Cambridge Univ. Press.
Islam, M.T., Mirza, M.J.A. and Hossain, M.A. (eds.). 1993. Statistical Methods for Research: A Training Manual. Graduate Training Institute, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Little, T.M. and Hills, F.J. 1978. Agricultural Experimentation: Design and Analysis. John Wiley and Sons, New York, Chichester, Toronto, Singapore.
Montgomery, D.C. 2009. Design and Analysis of Experiments. 7th Edition, International Student Version, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Steel, R.D., Torrie, J.H. Dickey, T.A. 1997. Principles and Practice of Statistics: A Biomedical Approach. McGraw Hill, USA.
Turk, C. and J. Kirkman. 1989. Effective writing: Improving scientific, technical and business communication (2nd ed). London: Chapman & Hall.
Woodford, F.P. (ed). 1968. Scientific writing for graduate students: a manual on the teaching of scientific writing, N.Y: The Rockefeller Univ. Press & London: McMillan & Co. Ltd.
Zaman, S.M.H., Rahim, K. and Howlader. 1982. Simple Lessons from Biometry. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Joydebpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 


Course : Agron. 514 : Agronomic Research Methodology (Practical)

Credit hour : 1


An introduction to different statistical analysis package programmes. Analysis of experimental data for single factor or factorial experiments using statistical package programmes such as MSTGAT-C, STATA, SAS, MINITAB, GENSTAT, IRRISTAT, SIGMA-PLOT etc.

Determination of efficiency of different experimental design and selecting most appropriate design.

Correlation and regression analysis of different experimental data.

Collecting experimental data and writing a scientific paper.

Visiting farmers’ field for identification and prioritization of research problems through PRA and FGD.

Development of a research project and writing a project proposal.

 

References

Gomez, K..A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons. New York, Brisbane, Toronto, Singapore.

Little, T.M. and Hills, F.J. 1978. Agricultural Experimentation: Design and Analysis. John Wiley and Sons. New York. Chichester, Toronto, Singapore.

Zaman, S.M.H., Rahim, K. and Howlader, M. 1982. Simple Lessons from Biometry. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Joydebpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 


Course Agron. 523 : Production of Post-harvest Management of Minor Crops

Credit hour : 2

Importance, present status, constraints and possibilities of improvement of some minor crops of Bangladesh.

Role of millets, minor crops, condiments, spices and buckwheat in human nutrition. Inclusion of the crops in different cropping systems.

History: morphology, ecology, cultivars and production technology of different millets, condiments and species- sorghum, bajra, minor millets, turmeric, cardamom, bay-leaf, garlic, ginger, coriander, cumin, chilli and onion.

Effect of planting time, irrigation, weed control and time of harvest on the yield and quality of the crops included.

Nutrition. Effects of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Zn on growth, quality and seed production of crops included
Post harvest technology followed and possible means of its improvement.

Techniques of quality seed production of millets, minor fibre crops, condiments, and spices and buckwheat. Present status of seed production in Bangladesh. Storage of seeds- methods. Factors affecting the quality of seeds during storage.


Reference
Agarwal, R.L. 1994. Seed Testing. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. New Delhi, India.
Ahmed, K.U. 1976. Flowers, Fruits and Vegetables (3rd ed.). Farmgate, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Ahmed, M. and Saha, J.K. 1990. Ginger cultivation in Bangladesh. Agricultural Economics Division, BARI, Gazipur.
BARI. 1999. Krishi Prujukti Hatbai. Pub. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur.
Mitra, S.K., Sadhu, M.K. And Bose, T.K. 1990. Nutrition of Vegetable Crops. Naya Prokash, Calcutta. India.
Pusgrave, T.W., Brown, E.G., Green, C.L. and Robbins, S.R.J. 1987. Spices. Volume 1, Longman, Singapore Pub. Ltd. Singapore.
Pusagrave, T.W., Brown, E.G., Green, C.L. and Robbins, S.R.U. 1988. Spices, Volume II. Longman Singapore Pub. Ltd. Singapore.
Puthi, J.S. 1986. Spices and condiments. National Book Trust, New Delhi, India.
Quddus, M.A. 1985. Bangladesh Khadda Sasho O Arthokari Fasal. Bangla Academy, Dhaka.
Thakur, C. 1979. Scientific Crop Production. Vol. I. Metropolitan Book Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.
Udesky, J. 1995. The Nutritional Value of Buckwheat. In: Current Advances in Buckwheat Research. Vol. III (T. Matano and A. Ujihara, Ed.), Shinshu Univ. Press. Asahi. Aassumoto, Japan.

 

 

 

Course Agron. 521 : Environmental Agronomy

Credit hour : 2

Environment and farm environment
Concept of environment, farm environment, manufactured environment, social environment, homestead environment and agro-ecosystem. Interrelationships among environmental components. Linkages among different sub-systems of a farm, influence of different farm activities on environment.

Factors of Farm Environment
Influence of environmental factors on dry matter production and partitioning. Phenology, yield and quality crops. Environment and efficiency of crop production. Crop environment interactions.
Environment and associated problems.
Causes and effects of environmental degradation. Strategies to tackle environmental degradation and associated problems. Problems and degradation of soil and water environment and their remedies. Improvement of soil environment by conservation tillage. Impact of improved cultural practices on soil environment.

Organic Farming and Environment
Improvement of environment by organic farming. Environment and organic waste usage. Recycling of organic waste. Soil organic matter and strategies for improvement.

Agro-ecological Vulnerability in Bangladesh.
Environmental changes and their impact on agricultural production. Future technological challenge of risk management in the agricultural production system.

Reference
Anonymous. 1996. Environment education training module (EETM) for Agricultural Extension Workers in Bangladesh. Published by GTI, IPSA and DAE in collaboration with FAO, UN, Rome, Italy.
Bhuiya, S.I. and Rashiduzzamanm, A.K.M. 1994. Environment Preservation Laws and Islam. Thought Bank, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Biscoe, P.V. and Gallagher, J.N. 1997. Weather, dry matter production and yield. In: Environmental effects on crop physiology (Eds. J.J. Lands berg and C.V. Cutting). Academic Press, London pp. 75-100.
Canway, G.R. and Pretty, J.N. 1991. Pollution and Farming Systems. J. Asian Farm. Syst. Assoc. 1(2):
29-63.
Erhlich, A. 1990. Agricultural contribution to Global Warming. In: J. Leggett (ed.) Global Warming: The Greenpeace Report. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.
GRI. 1996. Weather and soil moisture. In: Grassland Research Institute. Annual Report. pp. 129-140

 

 


Course : Agron. 527 : Agricultural Systems

Credit hour : 1

System
Concept and properties, agro-ecosystem analysis, evolution of agricultural systems in Bangladesh.

Agricultural Systems
Concept and characteristics, components and enterprises, interaction of enterprises crop- livestock, crop-fish, fish-livestock etc.

Determinants of Agricultural Systems
Physical, biological, social, economic.

Farming Systems Research (FSR)
Concept and importance, characteristics, interdisciplinary.

Cropping Systems Research
Pattern trial, component technology trial, researcher- managed trial, superimposed trial.

Holistic Approach in FSR: Integration of Components in Systems Research
Advantages and disadvantages, procedure for conducting research.

Component Studies in FSR
Procedure for conduction, procedure for integration with the systems

REFERENCE
Association for Farming Systems Research/Extension. 1992. Towards New, Paradigm for Farming Systems Research/Extension. Michigan State University, USA.
BARC, BARI and IRRI. 1990. Proc. Int. Crop-Animal Farming Systems Research, Dhaka. ARFSN, IRRI, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.
Beels, C.W. 1983. Multiple Cropping and Tropical Farming Systems. West view Press.
Chambers, R., A. Paccoy and L.A. Thrupp. 1989. Farmer First (Farmer Innovation and Agricultural Research). Intermediate Technology Publications, London, UK.
Chowdhury, M.K., M.A. Razzaque, A.B.M.M. Alam, R.D. William, E.H. Giblert and R.N. Mallick. 1993. Methodological Guidelines for Farming Systems Research and Development in Bangladesh. BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Conway, G.R. 1985. Agroecosystem Analysis. Agricultural Administration. 20:31-55.
GTI (Graduate Training Institute). 1993. Farming Systems Research – A Training Manual.
GTI, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.

 

 

Course : Agron. 528 : Agricultural Systems


Credit hour : 1

Interview, Data Collection and Case Study
Procedure of Interview, points to be considered in conducting an interview. Steps in interviewing. Basic characteristics of case study, collecting, processing and interpretation of data.

PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) Techniques and its Application
Definition, origin and basic characteristics of PRA. PRA and RRA concepts. Conduction of a PRA Survey and submission of a report on crop production technologies and environmental issues in a selective village with PRA tools such as Transect Walk, Physical map, Social map, Venn diagram, Seasonal Calendar, Matrix ranking and Preference ranking.

REFERENCE

Conway, G.R. 1985. Agroecosystem Analysis. Agricultural Administration. 20:31-55.

Mallick, R.N. 1996. PRA Concept and Practices. Its relevance to Farming Systems Research and Development. TCTTI Project, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

UNDP and FAO 2000. Participatory Rural Appraisal – Practical Handbook. TCTTI Project, Dhaka, Bangladesh.


 


Course : Agron. 529: Fodder Production and Pasture Management

Credit hour : 2
Forage and pasture science
Forage and Pasture species and their Crop Husbandry
Grass species : Maize, sorghum, pangula, guinea grasses, para grass, napier grass, rye grass, Paspalum, local grasses.
Legume species: Cowpea, alfalfa, clovers, lotus spp., grasspea, chickpea, berseem, Sesbania, sunnhemp.
Legumes as pasture plants- importance, forage quality, fertilizer requirement, legume and competition, choice of legumes.

Pasture land and Pasture Production
Agro-ecological distribution of forage land in Bangladesh, weather elements and their influence on forage and pasture crops, feasibility of improving area and production of forage and pasture, pasture seed production, pasture establishment, grazing management.

Pasture Plant nutrition and nutrient recycling
Essential plant nutrients, nitrogen- role, cycle, fixation, legume N versus artificial N, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur, calcium, soil acidity and liming.

Pasture and Pasture Conservation
Hay: Hay in Bangladesh, stage of cutting, field curing, artificial drying, weather, losses effects on pasture.

Silage : Silage in Bangladesh, fermentation, readily available carbohydrates, consolidation, decomposition, additives, quality, high moisture stage, stage of cutting, losses, storage, effects on pasture.

 

REFERENCES: Agron. 529: Fodder Production and Pasture Management

Donald, C.M. 1963. Competition among crops and pasture plants. Advanced in Agronomy. 15:1-118.
Heeblethwaite, P.D. 1980. Herbage seed production in New Zealand. Loughbrough University of Nottingham, School of Agriculture.
Langer, R.H.M. 1973. Pasture and Pasture plants. A.H. and A.W. Read. Wellington, Sydney, London.
Sprague, R. 1953. USDA. Yearbook of Agriculture.
Taylor, N.L. 1985. Clover science and Technology. Madison, Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy.
White, J.G.H. 1989. Herbage seed Production. Wellington, New Zealand.